International Perfusion Association


Is Ultrafiltration Volume a Predictor of Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury in Patients Undergoing Cardiopulmonary Bypass?

Introduction: Intraoperative ultrafiltration (UF) is a procedure used during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) to reduce haemodilution and prevent excessive blood transfusion. However, the effect of UF volume on acute kidney injury (AKI) is not well established, and the results are conflicting. Additionally, there are no set indications for applying UF during CPB.

Methods: This retrospective study analysed 641 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery with CPB. Perioperative parameters were extracted from the patients’ records, and the UF volume was recorded. Acute Kidney Injury Network classification was used to define AKI. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression models were used to predict AKI while controlling for confounding factors.

Results: The study enrolled patients with a mean age of 58.8 ± 11.1 years, 39.2% of whom were female. AKI occurred in 22.5% of patients, with 16.1% (103) experiencing stage I and 6.4% (41) experiencing stage II. The results showed a significant association between UF volume and the risk of developing AKI, with higher UF volumes associated with a higher risk of AKI. In the multivariable analysis, the other predictors of AKI included age, lowest mean arterial pressure (MAP), and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion during CPB.

Conclusion: The predictors of postoperative AKI in coronary CABG patients were the volume of UF, age, MAP, and blood transfusion during CPB.

Keywords: acute kidney injury; cardiopulmonary bypass; haemofiltration; ultrafiltration.

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