International Perfusion Association


Category: CPB

Cardioplegia 2024

Comparative Analysis of Del Nido Cardioplegia Versus Blood Cardioplegia in Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

This study examined the efficacy of del Nido cardioplegia compared to traditional blood cardioplegia in adult coronary artery bypass grafting. Among 119 patients, the del Nido group showed superior myocardial protection, indicated by lower Troponin I levels and fewer defibrillation attempts post-surgery. Additionally, this group experienced shorter surgery durations, including reduced aortic cross-clamping and total operative times. The findings suggest del Nido cardioplegia as a viable option for these procedures, necessitating a standardized protocol.

Pedi Kidney

Association of Hyperoxia During Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Postoperative Delirium in the Pediatric Cardiac ICU

This study examines the relationship between hyperoxia during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and postoperative delirium in pediatric patients in a cardiac ICU. Analyzing data from 148 patients, researchers found that 24% experienced delirium within 72 hours post-CPB. However, no significant association was found between hyperoxia and delirium. Exploratory analysis suggested that nutritional status, specifically weight z scores, might influence delirium risk, indicating a need for further research on risk factors.

Aortic Surgery

Exploring Differences in Surgical Outcomes Depending on the Arterial Cannulation Strategy for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection: A Single-Center Study

This single-center retrospective study evaluated the impact of different arterial cannulation strategies on surgical outcomes for patients with acute type A aortic dissection (AD) and intramural hematoma (IMH). By comparing 32 patients who underwent antegrade cannulation with 114 patients who underwent retrograde cannulation, the study found significant differences in total surgical time and intensive care unit stay duration. However, no significant differences were observed in 30-day mortality or postoperative cerebrovascular accident rates. The findings suggest that the choice of cannulation strategy should be tailored to individual patient needs.

Priming Solution

A Modified Low-Priming Cardiopulmonary Bypass System in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery with Medium Risk of Transfusion: A Randomized Controlled Trial

This study evaluates the FUWAI-SAVE system, a modified low-priming cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) system, in reducing perioperative blood transfusions in adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery with intermediate transfusion risk. Conducted as a single-center, single-blind, randomized controlled trial, 360 patients were divided into an intervention group (FUWAI-SAVE) and a control group (conventional CPB). Results showed the FUWAI-SAVE system significantly reduced red blood cell transfusion rates and amounts during the peri-CPB period without increasing major complications, indicating its potential in improving blood management in cardiac surgery.


Can a Low Prime Volume Arterial Filter Be Used as an Alternative for a Venous Bubble Trap in Minimal Extracorporeal Circulation? An In Vitro Investigation

This study examines whether an arterial filter with a small prime volume can effectively replace a venous bubble trap (VBT) in a minimal extracorporeal circulation (MiECC) system used during cardiac surgery. The study compared air removal capabilities of an arterial filter and three VBTs: VBT160, VBT8, and VARD. Results showed the AF100 arterial filter demonstrated similar, and in some cases better, performance in removing air and gaseous microemboli (GME) compared to VBTs. However, the placement of the arterial filter in the venous line is considered off-label use.

ACT 480

Activated Clotting Time Value as an Independent Predictor of Postoperative Bleeding and Transfusion

This study examines the incidence and predictors of bleeding and thrombosis in patients treated with extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation. Among 200 patients, 67.5% experienced major bleeding, primarily from CPR-related trauma. Decreased fibrinogen levels were linked to bleeding, but bleeding did not significantly affect in-hospital mortality. Thrombosis occurred in 23.5% of patients and was not associated with in-hospital death.

Heart Bandage

Intraoperative Haemoadsorption for Antithrombotic Drug Removal During Cardiac Surgery: Initial Report of the International Safe and Timely Antithrombotic Removal (STAR) Registry

The STAR registry study explores the use of haemoadsorption for removing antithrombotic drugs during cardiac surgery to reduce bleeding risks. This report covers 165 patients from Austria, Germany, Sweden, and the UK. Patients on P2Y12 inhibitors and DOACs were assessed. The device, integrated into the cardiopulmonary bypass, showed promising results in mitigating bleeding risks. Group 1 (P2Y12) and Group 2 (DOAC) patients experienced similar bleeding events, suggesting the procedure’s safety and effectiveness.

RBC Tube

Impact of Miniaturized vs. Conventional Tubing on Inflammatory Response and Blood Transfusion in Congenital Heart Disease Surgeries

This study compares inflammatory cytokine levels and blood transfusion rates in pediatric patients undergoing congenital heart surgeries using miniaturized or conventional extracorporeal circuits. Results indicate that miniaturized circuits may reduce certain cytokines and lower transfusion requirements, suggesting a potential advantage in reducing surgery-related complications.

CPB Time

The Impact of Cardiopulmonary Bypass Time on the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score After Cardiac Surgery

This study investigates the effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time on postoperative Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores. The analysis of data from 1,032 patients reveals that longer CPB times correlate with higher SOFA scores, particularly affecting cardiovascular and renal functions. Prolonged CPB times (>200 minutes) are associated with an increased likelihood of severe dysfunction, emphasizing the predictive power of CPB duration on postoperative organ health.

Infection 1

Nosocomial Infections After Pediatric Congenital Heart Disease Surgery: Data from National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases in China

This study evaluates nosocomial infections in pediatric patients post-cardiac surgery, analyzing data from the National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases in China. Out of 4776 patients, the nosocomial infection rate was 2.1%, with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) found in 36 patients. Pneumonia and sepsis were the most common infections, with pneumonia showing an incidence density of 7.2/1000 patient-days. MDRO infections were associated with significantly longer intensive care unit stays compared to non-MDRO infections. The results highlight the impact of MDRO infections on surgical outcomes and the importance of infection prevention and control measures.


Post Categories