International Perfusion Association


Incorporating Intraoperative Blood Pressure Time-Series Variables to Assist in Prediction of Acute Kidney Injury After Type A Acute Aortic Dissection Repair: An Interpretable Machine Learning Model

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and serious complication after the repair of Type A acute aortic dissection (TA-AAD). However, previous models have failed to account for the impact of blood pressure fluctuations on predictive performance. This study aims to develop machine learning (ML) models combined with intraoperative medicine and blood pressure time-series data to improve the accuracy of early prediction for postoperative AKI risk.

Methods: Indicators reflecting the duration and depth of hypotension were obtained by analyzing continuous mean arterial pressure (MAP) monitored intraoperatively with multiple thresholds (<65, 60, 55, 50) set in the study. The predictive features were selected by logistic regression and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), and 4 ML models were built based on the above features. The performance of the models was evaluated by area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC), calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA). Shapley additive interpretation (SHAP) was used to explain the prediction models.

Results: Among the indicators reflecting intraoperative hypotension, 65 mmHg showed a statistically superior difference to other thresholds in patients with or without AKI (p < .001). Among 4 models, the extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) model demonstrated the highest AUROC: 0.800 (95% 0.683-0.917) and sensitivity: 0.717 in the testing set and was verified the best-performing model. The SHAP summary plot indicated that intraoperative urine output, cumulative time of mean arterial pressure lower than 65 mmHg outside cardiopulmonary bypass (OUT_CPB_MAP_65 time), autologous blood transfusion, and smoking were the top 4 features that contributed to the prediction model.

Conclusion: With the introduction of intraoperative blood pressure time-series variables, we have developed an interpretable XGBoost model that successfully achieve high accuracy in predicting the risk of AKI after TA-AAD repair, which might aid in the perioperative management of high-risk patients, particularly for intraoperative hemodynamic regulation.

Keywords: Acute kidney injury; XGBoost; aortic dissection; cardiac surgery; intraoperative hypotension; machine learning; predictive model.

Latest Posts