International Perfusion Association


ProtekDuo Percutaneous Ventricular Support System: Physiology and Clinical Applications

The ProtekDuo (LivaNova, London, UK) cannula is a dual-lumen device, typically inserted into the right internal jugular (IJ) vein through a percutaneous approach, with fluoroscopy or ultrasound guidance. When connected to a pump, such as the TandemHeart (LivaNova, London, UK) or CentriMag (Abbott, Pleasanton, CA, USA), it can function as a right ventricular (RV) mechanical circulatory support (MCS). When an oxygenator is also added [veno-pulmonary (V-P)], it can provide extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the device’s physiology and clinical applications. In the setting of RV failure (RVF), the ProtekDuo cannula, with its outflow in the main pulmonary artery (PA), can bypass the failing RV, improving pulmonary flow, left atrial (LA) filling pressures, and left ventricular (LV) preload. This can also reduce ventricular interdependence and leftward shift of the interventricular septum that occurs in RVF. In this review, the key sections expand on the use of the ProtekDuo cannula in the management of critically ill patients, specifically, the use of ProtekDuo for RV myocardial infarction (MI) RVF, LV assist device (LVAD) implantation-associated RVF, RVF post-heart transplantation, temporary biventricular MCS as bridge to recovery (ECpella 2.0 or PROpella), biventricular support as bridge to recovery or decision, isolated LV failure, post lung transplantation (LT) care, and other miscellaneous clinical scenarios. ProtekDuo is an important tool in the armory of RVF management. The ProtekDuo system is expected to gain more popularity given its clear advantages such as groin-free approach allowing for mobility, easy percutaneous deployment, compatibility with various pumps and oxygenators, and the versatility to be integrated in numerous configurations. In an era of expanding MCS options, further research is needed to better understand the optimal tool for specific patient subsets.

Keywords: ProtekDuo; left ventricular failure (LV failure); lung transplant; pulmonary embolism (PE); right ventricular failure (RVF).

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