International Perfusion Association


Predictors of Developing Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The objective of this study was to determine predictors of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) among coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) patients. This meta-analysis was conducted as per the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA). Two authors performed searches independently using electronic databases, including Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science, from January 1, 2015, to November 30, 2023. A total of 16 studies were included in this meta-analysis. All included studies reported POAF in patients undergoing CABG, resulting in 1462 cases of POAF among 6200 patients undergoing CABG. The cases of POAF varied among studies, ranging from 7.80% to 47.37%. The pooled incidence of POAF was 26% (95% CI: 20% to 31%). The results indicated that older patients had a higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF) after CABG (mean difference [MD]): 5.63, 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.08 to 7.17, p-value < 0.001). The findings revealed a significantly lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients developing AF than their counterparts (MD: -0.30, 95% CI: -0.58 to -0.03, p-value: 0.03). Regarding the history of myocardial infarction (MI), the odds of MI were significantly higher in patients developing AF compared to those who did not develop AF (odds ratio [OR]: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.12 to 1.68, p-value: 0.002). In relation to intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), the odds of IABP were significantly higher in patients developing AF compared to those who did not develop AF (OR: 2.27, 95% CI: 1.39 to 3.72, p-value: 0.001). Identified risk factors for post-CABG AF included advanced age, a lower preoperative ejection fraction, a history of myocardial infarction, the requirement for an IABP, and prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time. The study underscores the significance of proactive screening and comprehensive management for elderly CABG patients, particularly those with myocardial infarction histories.

Keywords: atrial fibrillation; coronary artery bypass graft; post-operative; predictors; systematic 

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