International Perfusion Association


Cardiac Rehabilitation and Acute Aortic Dissection: Understanding and Addressing the Evidence GAP A Systematic Review

Despite guideline recommendations, strategies for implementing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with acute aortic dissection (AAD) are not well established with little evidence to risk stratify prudent and effective guidelines for the many required variables. We conducted a systematic review of studies (2004-2023) reporting CR following type A (TA) and type B (TB) AAD. Our review is limited to open surgical repair for TA and medical treatment for TB. A total of 5 studies were included (4 TA-AAD and 1 TB-AAD) in the qualitative analysis. In general, observational data included 311 patients who had an overall favorable effect of CR in AAD consisting of a modestly improved exercise capacity and work load during cycle cardiopulmonary exercise test (TB-AAD), and improved quality of life (QoL). No adverse events were reported during symptom limited pre-CR treadmill or cycle exercise VO2 max or CR. Given the overall potential in this high risk population without adequate evidence for important variables such as safe time from post-op to CR, intensity of training, duration and frequency of sessions and followup it is time for a moderate sized well designed safe trial for patients’ post-op surgery for TA-AAD and medically treated TB-AAD who are treated with standardized evidence based medical therapy and physical therapy from discharge randomized to CR versus usual care. PROSPERO registry ID: CRD42023392896.

Keywords: Cardiac rehabilitation; acute aortic dissection; exercise training; type A acute aortic dissection; type B acute aortic dissection.

Latest Posts