International Perfusion Association


A Risk Score for Predicting Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support Before Lung Transplantation

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been increasingly used as life support for lung transplantation. However, there are no clinical risk models to predict whether ECMO support is required for lung transplantation. This study developed a simple risk score to predict the need for intraoperative ECMO in patients undergoing lung transplantation, identify high-risk patients who need ECMO support, and guide clinical interventions.

Methods: Patients, who underwent lung transplantation between January 1, 2016 and July 31, 2021, were systematically reviewed. All enrolled patients were divided in a ratio of 7:3 to establish the development and validation datasets. A risk score model was established using stepwise logistic regression and verified using bootstrapping and the split-sample method.

Results: A total of 248 patients who underwent lung transplants were enrolled. Multivariate analysis showed that the primary disease diagnosis, pulmonary artery systolic pressure, sex, surgical type, creatine kinase isoenzyme-MB, and pro-B-type natriuretic peptide were risk factors for intraoperative ECMO during lung transplantation. The risk score was established and calibrated according to these six factors, ranging from 0 to 41, with the associated prediction of intraoperative use of ECMO ranging from 1.5% to 99.7% (Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2=5.624; P=0.689). Good discrimination was verified by developing and validating the datasets (C-statistics =0.850 and 0.842, respectively). Based on the distribution of the scores, the three levels were classified as low-risk (0-10], moderate-risk (10-20], and high-risk (20-41].

Conclusions: This simple risk score model effectively predicts the need for intraoperative ECMO and stratifies high-risk patients who require ECMO support.

Keywords: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO); lung transplantation; prediction; risk score.

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